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Saturday, April 27, 2013

Fish Biryani Recipe | Fish Dum Biryani | Meen Biryani | Machli ki Biryani - (Fish biryani prepared using dum method)

Fish Biryani is an aromatic biryani prepared using dum method. This fish biryani is so flavorful and delicious. Since fish is so tender, it might break into pieces if cooked as a one pot meal in a pressure cooker. So prepared this fish biryani using dum method. First I fried the fish, prepared gravy, cooked rice and assembled them all together in layers, cooked in dum and it was ready. Though it is a long process, it was worth the effort. I was so happy with the outcome.
I prepared this fish biryani specially for my brother. Few days back I got a mail from my brother asking for the recipe of Fish biryani. So I was determined to try and post it before the weekend. He is staying too far from me that I can't cook for him, at least can give him a virtual feast. So here I am posting the recipe of Fish biryani.

What are the ingredients needed?

To marinate the fish
Fish ,  1 lb
Ginger garlic paste, 1 teaspoon
Chilli powder, 1/2 teaspoon
Coriander powder, 1 teaspoon
Turmeric powder, 1/4 teaspoon
Garam masala, 1/2 teaspoon
Salt to taste
Lemon juice, 2 Tablespoon

For the rice
Oil, 2 teaspoon
Fennel seeds, 1/2 teaspoon
Cardamom, 3 nos.
Cloves, 3 nos
Cinnamon stick, 1 inch small piece
Bay leaves, 1 no
Star Anise, 1 no
Green chillies, 2 nos.
Ginger Garlic paste, 1 teaspoon
Water 6 cups
Rice, 2 cups
Salt to taste

For the Gravy
Oil, 2 teaspoon
Fennel seeds, 1/2 teaspoon
Cloves, 3 nos
Cinnamon stick, 1 small (1" long)
Bay leaves, 1 no.
Tomatoes, 2 nos.
Ginger garlic paste, 1 teaspoon
Mint leaves, a handful
Cilantro, a handful
Turmeric powder,1/4 teaspoon
Chilli powder, 1 teaspoon
Coriander powder, 2 teaspoon
Yogurt,  1/2 cup
Salt to taste

Other ingredients
Onions, 1 no (large)
Oil (to shallow fry fish, frying onions)
Saffron food color
Cilantro, 2 hand fulls.
Lemon juice, from half lemon

How it is made?
  1. Chop and fry the onions and keep them ready.
  2. Dissolve the food color in 2 tablespoon water and keep them ready. 
  3. Soak rice for 30 minutes.
Preparing the fish:
  1. Clean and wash the fish and marinate them with the ingredients listed and set them aside for at least 30 minutes.
  2. After that, shallow fry them on both sides and keep them aside.
Now for cooking rice:
  1. Take a pan heat oil, add fennel seeds, cloves, cinnamon stick, bay leave, star anise and fry for a minute or two. 
  2. Then add green chillies and fry then add water and  bring it to boil. 
  3. To this add the soaked rice, reduce the temperature and cook till the rice is 90-95%.
  4. Then drain the excess water and keep it aside. (save a cup of water drained from this for future use).
To prepare the gravy:
  1. Heat oil, add fennel seeds, cloves, cinnamon & bay leaf and fry for a minute or two.
  2. To this add tomatoes, turmeric Powder, chilli powder, coriander powder and ginger garlic paste, mint leaves and cook them for few minutes. 
  3. Then add yogurt and cook them for few minutes. 
  4. To this add the reserved cup of water from rice and simmer for few more minutes and turn off the heat.
Final assembly:
  1. Take a heavy bottomed pan. Grease the pan with oil.
  2. First add the gravy on the base, then a layer of rice, sprinkle some fried onions, small handful of cilantro, then arrange fish in this layer , sprinkle some gravy on the fish then another layer of remaining rice and again sprinkle the fried onions, cilantro and gravy. Finally drizzle the dissolved food color on the top equally  over the rice. Cover it with a heavy lid.(such that steam cannot escape)
  3. Cook this set up on low flame for 10-15 minutes .
Then open the lid, squeeze some lemon juice, gently fluff it up and serve.

  • I have used King fish. You can other fishes too which doesn't have much bones. 
  • While frying the fish take care not to fry it too crispy. 
  • Use the same pan prepared for frying the fish to make the masala gravy too. So that the fish flavors are incorporated into the gravy too.
  • Soak the fish in little bit of gravy for few minutes before starting the layering process.
  • Take care the rice is not fully cooked (just a tad under cooked) and make sure to drain the water properly from rice.
  • If you want you can fry some cashews in ghee and use them as garnish too.
  • Drizzling the food color is optional. 
  • Adjust the spice according to your personal preference.


  1. perfect rice combo...i loved it just like from restaurants

  2. Very delicious and mouthwatering fish biryani...
    Very beautiful clicks.

  3. Makes me so hungry now. Delicious.

  4. OMG! May I come to your place Divya? Super tempting fish biryani dear. It must be delicious..

  5. its lunch time here..feel like exchanging your biryani with my plain rice...yummy one dear...

  6. ooooh... so temting !
    Lovely clicks .

  7. ayyo idhu yennaku ippo venum divya :) andha oru fish piece yennai va va nu kuppidadu..

  8. I bet your bro is drooling right now looking at your yummy briyani. I wish I could try it too.

  9. I need a plate of biryani right now Divya...perfectly done..

  10. past few days i have been craving for briyani...enna ma ipdi tempt pandre??? wonderful...

  11. inviting clicks,superb briyani perfect for the weekend.

  12. such a tempting biryani, mouthwatering :-)

  13. I just finished my plate of chicken biryani....but i want more from urs...delicious one

  14. oh wow... looks so tempting...

  15. iyooooooo... so temting parkum poluthey pasikuthey..

  16. Makes me so hungry now. Delicious.

  17. Super irresistible briyani,very tempting and highly inviting fish briyani..Antha fish piece va va'nu koopidu.

  18. The fish biriyani looks so awesome...:-)

  19. i will take out fish but please pass me that dish.

  20. This recipe is lovely, will try this @ home tomorrow for my family

    1. Sure..Please do try and give me your feedback. :)

  21. Really mouthwatering recipe..Drooling!


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